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Main styles of landscaping

Owners of country houses strive to make the best possible use of the surrounding countryside. In the process of arrangement of the site is filled with new plants, sculptures and various decorative elements. Despite the use of beautiful plants and expensive scenery, the result does not always meet expectations. This happens when your actions are not connected with each other by a common idea. In general, this process consists in the concept of compliance with the landscape style. Therefore, it is very important to approach competently to selection of stylistics of the future landscape design that the garden completely corresponded to mood and character of its owners. However, not every owner clearly understands in what style of landscape design he sees his garden. To make a choice, it is necessary to understand the basic elements that should be on your site or use the help of a professional company of landscape design. In order to give you a clear idea of the existing styles in landscape design, let's consider each of them in detail.

Garden decoration in a classic style

Classic style is considered a traditional variant of landscape design. Due to the preservation of geometry in the planning process with clear symmetry of all elements, it is called "regular".

Among the key elements of the classic style are the following:

  • The presence of a large number of straight alleys, which allow to achieve maximum symmetry of all located design elements;
  • All flowerbeds, lawns, fountains and other water bodies are made in the form of geometric shapes;
  • The central element of the landscape composition is often a fountain;
  • All decorative elements used have a natural component (the use of natural stone is especially popular);
  • The space itself is predominantly of an open type, however, the presence of traditional pergolas at the intersection of alleys is not excluded.

Choosing a classical style, it is necessary to consider and the colour palette peculiar to this direction of design. In general, it is represented by the following shades: white, milk, sand, sky blue or light terracotta.

The main decorative elements of the territory can be antique stone sculptures, symmetrical arches and columns, as well as benches in wrought iron style.

Peculiarities of the plot in English style

One of the subtypes of the classic style of landscape design is English style. Its main distinguishing feature is the presence of smooth lines, both in architecture and surrounding plants. Here, preference is given to naturalness, which allows you to achieve maximum harmony in the relationship between nature and man.

As for the details that are part of the English style, they are in:

  • The predominance of vertical landscaping (often reflected in the use of climbing plant varieties on building facades);
  • The paths are predominantly made of natural material and have a winding structure;
  • A water body is considered to be a mandatory element of this style.
Landscape design is characterized by the use of all shades of green as well as silver scale.

French style in design

One of the most difficult directions in landscape design, by right, French style is considered. This is due to the fact that the site should not only carry an aesthetic load, but also be a place of rest.

French garden has the following features:

  • The territory of the garden is small, which includes a playground and lawn with the preservation of clear forms;
  • The plot may contain ornamental and fruit trees, but their number is strictly limited;
  • Red brick is considered one of the most popular materials for decoration;
  • The presence of wicker roses and a raised small garden is welcome.

Country in landscape design

What could be more beautiful than a cozy country-style plot? This style of design allows you to create a warm and cozy atmosphere that you want to plunge into after a hard day's work.

Country style is characterized by the following elements:

  • The presence of lush flower beds, mainly composed of field flowers and plants;
  • If it will be located on the territory of the reservoir, it will be presented in the form of a small pond, made in a natural style;
  • It is particularly important to decorate the area with handmade products;
  • Wicker fence, well and other rustic elements can be used as characteristic accessories.

Garden arrangement in Japanese style

Most of the Japanese gardens serve as a spiritual refuge, so the main purpose of their creation is based on a quiet worldview. The main rule of this style is absence of artificial materials and geometrical figures. The main thing is to achieve harmony.

The key components of the Japanese style are considered:

  • Mandatory presence of a reservoir (in any of its manifestations);
  • A large number of stones and plants;
  • In general, asymmetry in the organization of space is preserved;
  • Fences are represented by bamboo, and trees have a hilly crown.

For Japanese gardens, it is important to use two color accents.

Modern style in landscape design

Despite the popularity of classics, modern trends in design are replacing traditional ones. The modern style is characterized by streamlined shapes as well as exquisite aesthetics. Plants here are being overshadowed and replaced by unusual architectural forms.

The following elements are required to create a modern garden:

  • Using simple and smooth lines;
  • Duplication of decorative elements;
  • The building and the territory have the same style;
  • The predominance of a huge number of accents;
  • Use of high-tech and modern materials.