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Bonsai is a miniature art

Bonsai - the art of growing an exact copy of a real (sometimes dwarf) tree in miniature. Plant growth is regulated by the flat root system.

Literally, it is growing natural wood in miniature. And most surprisingly, you can achieve that this plant will bloom and bear fruit!

Japanese traditionalists limit the list of species: pine, spruce, juniper, maple, azalia, rhododendron. But to date, their diversity has virtually no borders. According to centuries-old japanese traditions, certain classical bonsai styles have been formed, oriented towards the appearance of naturally growing trees. Of course, each plant has its own specific features, the totality of which determines its pronounced individuality. Thanks to these qualities, bonsai makes an unforgettable impression.

In most cases, bonsai is not an indoor plant, so it is necessary to place it outdoors, although it can sometimes be taken to the house for use as an interior decoration.

How to plant bonsai

The soil for planting consists of two parts: humus and sand. Before planting, as well as seeds, the soil mixture is prepared:

  • Disinfect with hot steam;
  • They are dried;
  • Sieve;

The ready bonsai seeds are immediately planted in the fertile mixture. The pot should be clean and wide with drainage holes. It should also be treated with manganese solution to exclude the possibility of infection of seeds.

Rules of plant care

Hold the vase with the plant in the wrong conditions, you can quickly kill an unusual tree, so knowing the rules of care for the culture will help to get one step closer to the cherished goal.

Providing a light mode

The following factors are taken into account in order to avoid light deficiency and unfavourable development of pathological flora:

  • Location of the plant;
  • The distance from the sunlight source;
  • The right side of the world in terms of feng shui for the bonsai tree;
  • There may be obstacles to even distribution of the rays over the entire area of the tree crown.

Floor system

The easiest and cheapest way of care is direct spraying or wet showers for plants. But this method gives a short-lived result, so the procedure will have to be carried out often and systematically. A pot with a growing tree should always have moist soil. Not wet and not dried out, but wet. It becomes clear that the procedure should be systematic and moderate. In pots with heavily compacted soil water does not flow to the bottom, and, therefore, nourishes the plant is deficient. In this case, it is necessary to irrigate the plant again or more abundantly until the whole soil is saturated with moisture. In summer, the bonsai plant needs a little more moisture than usual. We propose to install an automatic watering system, which will allow you to meet all the requirements of humidification.

Temperature regime

Temperature is another important criterion for maintaining a healthy and balanced plant. Some crops feel good in a cool environment, others reach for warmth and sunshine. Pomegranate, olive, rosemary, myrtle, including bonsai tree in winter require maintaining the optimal temperature regime + 7-15 ° c. Tropical species feel comfortable at temperatures ranging from +16 to +25 ° c during the year.

Fertiliser application

Generally accepted standards for plant care also apply to the application of fertilizers. This is a mandatory point, as the bonsai pot has little soil and, accordingly, almost no nutrients. It is best to alternate fertilizers: well-balanced complex recommended for application during the period of active growth, and with low nitrogen content "autumn" mixtures. In winter, the fertilizer application is minimized or even stopped.

Captain Handy does planting in Canada. Namely in Toronto, Ontario