Careful and practical paths covered with paving tiles will decorate any garden and garden. Paving elements are made of heavy concrete by vibrating or vibrating pressing. Vibropressed products are durable, resistant to moisture, frost and non-slip surface. Paving tiles in Toronto of the cottage plot or territory near the private house is carried out by different schemes. But for beginners who have decided to do without the help of professionals, it is better to use simple laying options. Visual effect can be obtained without complicating the composition of work, a combination of tiles of the same shape and different colors.
Choosing a Tile Paving in Toronto. Scheme
Before you paving the paths in Toronto at a cottage or in the yard of a private home, the following points are determined:
The number of paths and their location. It is generally accepted that a central paved path leading from the gate to the house is mandatory. Its width should be such that it can be easily parted by 2 people. This is 1.0-1.5 m. If there is a car, there is a convenient passage to the canopy or garage. Its width depends on the width of the car. There is another option – to make two parallel tracks for wheels. It is desirable to pave paths to all places frequented by residents and guests – a gazebo, an artificial reservoir, barbecue area, flower beds and beds. The width of such trails usually does not exceed 80 cm. In any case, the width of the trail must be adjusted to the size of the tiles so that it does not need to be cut.
Paving material. The thickness of the tiles or paving stones in Toronto is selected depending on the functional purpose of the track. A paving stone is usually called a small pavement tile, the thickness of which is commensurate with its width and length. Paving elements with a thickness of 60-80 mm are chosen for the lanes on which cars drive and people often walk, and up to 60 mm for decorative garden paths. Strong and non-slip tiles and paving stones of the required thickness can be purchased from the company producing concrete products “Lentehstrom”.
The scheme of laying – “column”, “herringbone”, “bandage”, “fan”, “roundabout”. Any ornaments are laid out from colored elements. It is better to entrust the implementation of complex schemes to professionals.
Before the start of work on the ground make a drawing on millimeter paper, on which sketches of paths in a certain scale are put. When using tiles of the same colour, the total area of the tracks is divided by the area of one tile. The number of elements shall be rounded up to the whole number. The result obtained is multiplied by an increase coefficient of 1.1-1.15. Stock is needed in case of damage to concrete products during paving or because of the need to trim them. The more complex the contour of the path, the larger the stockpile must be.
Preparation works on the territory before stone paving
Work on the area begins with the contouring of future paths with pegs, between which the twine is stretched. The rope serves not only as a border, but also as a level. For tile laying you will need – shovels (bayonet and scoop), a long level, a rubber hammer, a tool for ramming (vibratory plate), a container for kneading cement and sand mortar, a brush, angle grinder. Further work on the arrangement of flat tracks is carried out in the following order.
A trench is made along the marked contours, the depth of which depends on the thickness of the preparatory layers and the tile itself. Geotextiles are laid on the compacted bottom of the trench to prevent weeds from germinating through the joints between the coating elements.
The thickness of the bearing gravel layer is 5-15 cm, sand layer – 5-10 cm, cement-sand (if it is provided) – 3-5 cm. Tile height for light loaded tracks is up to 6 cm, for loaded tracks – 6-8 cm. For this purpose crushed stone (gravel) with fraction of 5-20 mm and coarse fraction sand are used. On hard dense soils, no gravel layer is required. For clayey or marshy soils, a crushed stone bearing layer of at least 10 cm thick will be required. Each layer should be embossed after backfilling. It is recommended to use an electric or gasoline compaction machine.
In the preparatory phase, sanding can be finished. But more often, the last layer is the cement-sand mixture. Components are mixed in dry form in the ratio of 1: (6-10). First, sand is poured into the container, cement is added to it and mixed.
In the manufacture of trenches provide a slope for water flow – 5 mm per 1 meter. This slope can be transverse, longitudinal, longitudinal-transverse. Water should flow on the lawn or into the drainage system, but not towards buildings. A cement binder prevents the sand from gradually leaching out. Cement binders are mainly used when constructing heavy traffic lanes.
To prevent the tiles from spraying, a fence is arranged for a pathway made of special curbstone or paving stone placed on a rib. The kerb is made hidden or visible, depending on the wish. Framing is mounted until the path is paved. For this purpose:
- Next to the path, trenches are made to the required depth.
- Tramble the ground.
- They make crushed stone falling off.
- Place the curb on a layer of cement-sand mortar or fine concrete.
How do you properly conduct the paving process?
- Start from visually and functionally important places (porch, house entrance).
- Lead the paving process in the direction “from yourself”.
- Check the straightness of the seams at every th ree rows.
- Place the paving elements with a rubber kiyan (light strokes).
After installing 3-5 m2 of tiles (before compacting them), use a long construction level to control the surface of the coating.